Results 1 to 8 of 8

Thread: identifying stressed and unstressed vowels

  1. #1
    Новичок
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Posts
    2
    Rep Power
    0

    identifying stressed and unstressed vowels

    im new to russian and one thing that i dont quite understand yet is how to identify if a vowel is stressed or unstressed. i read in a different article online that one way is to look at the syllable it accompanies. if the syllable is long, it is stressed.
    but is that it?

  2. #2
    Завсегдатай
    Join Date
    Oct 2005
    Location
    Ukraine
    Posts
    5,076
    Rep Power
    22

    Re: identifying stressed and unstressed vowels

    if the syllable is long, it is stressed.
    Er.. I don't get how a syllable can be "long".
    They probably mean that the sound of the stressed vowel is longer than that of the unstressed one.
    how to identify if a vowel is stressed or unstressed
    You just have to learn every word, that it. Pretty much like in English (or is there a system in English language? I'm not sure).

  3. #3
    Завсегдатай
    Join Date
    Oct 2005
    Location
    Russland
    Posts
    9,882
    Rep Power
    19

    Re: identifying stressed and unstressed vowels

    Actually there are not short and long vowels in Russian. All vowels in Russian are short.
    In Russian, all nationalities and their corresponding languages start with a lower-case letter.

  4. #4
    Новичок
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Posts
    2
    Rep Power
    0

    Re: identifying stressed and unstressed vowels

    so just learn all the words. thats it? but wouldnt this affect my pronunciation?
    my friend from uzbekistan can help me with pronunciation. should i just keep learning new words then have him correct me on the pronunciation of them?
    thanks in advance for your help.

  5. #5
    Завсегдатай chaika's Avatar
    Join Date
    May 2003
    Location
    Чапелхилловка, NC USA
    Posts
    1,987
    Rep Power
    16

    Re: identifying stressed and unstressed vowels

    Like English spelling, Russian stress is pretty erratic. You will find some basic types. Namely:

    stress fixed on the same syllable throughout all conjugational forms.
    A. fixed on a stem syllable
    B. fixed on the ending (desinence)
    Among the others there are some patterns, but lots of exceptions. Short neuter nouns, for example, will often have stem stress in the singular and desinence stress in the plural. окно is an example of this.

    Lots of old fem. words show the pattern of desinence stress in the singular EXCEPT for the accusative, and then some bouncing around in the plural forms. рука is an example of this.

    I'd say in general the more syllables a word has, the more likely is it to have fixed stress. No stress moving around in достопримечáтельность. =:^)

    The best thing to do if you are in the mood for it and after you have had a year or two of Russian with a person who speaks it, not just you yourself, is to get a pronouncing dictionary like Русское литературное произношение и ударение; словарь-справочник, под ред. Р.И. Аванесова и С.И. Ожегова. There you will learn things like the masc. sg. past tense родился has the stress on the я (it is the only such verb)! Probably not any more, but my Russian studies were back in the 1960s.

    Russian and the other two East Slavic languages do not have any meaningful syllabic length. O-o-оля, памагиииите!

    GO-bama!!

  6. #6
    Почтенный гражданин
    Join Date
    Apr 2006
    Location
    North Carolina
    Posts
    341
    Rep Power
    9

    Re: identifying stressed and unstressed vowels

    From one student to another, a few tips:

    1 Most student oriented literature (text books, dual language editions) will have stresses marked for you. Practice reading them out loud. As I'm sure you have already noticed, vowel stress makes a huge difference in pronunciation.

    2 As you learn vocabulary, be sure to learn which syllable is stressed, at least in the basic dictionary form (infinitive, masculine singular)

    3 Don't stress yourself out too much. If you are speaking Russian and giving it your best effort, people will happily assist you. Don't be afraid to sound foolish. You'll learn well by making mistakes.

    4 I almost forgot to mention that the Vocabulearn audio tapes/CDs are a great way to learn vocab and you'll get to listen to a native speaker. Good if you can play it while driving around. And they are cheap if you can find them used.

  7. #7
    Подающий надежды оратор
    Join Date
    May 2006
    Location
    Уэльс
    Posts
    33
    Rep Power
    9

    Re: identifying stressed and unstressed vowels

    Quote Originally Posted by chaika
    Short neuter nouns, for example, will often have stem stress in the singular and desinence stress in the plural. окно is an example of this.
    Confused now... I thought it was окно in the singular?
    Здравствуй, я так давно не был рядом с тобой
    — Аквариум

  8. #8
    Завсегдатай chaika's Avatar
    Join Date
    May 2003
    Location
    Чапелхилловка, NC USA
    Posts
    1,987
    Rep Power
    16

    Re: identifying stressed and unstressed vowels

    Sorry for the confusion. I was too focused on the singular/plural. The correct example here is поле, with stem stress in sg. and des. stress in pl.

Similar Threads

  1. Stressed/Unstressed
    By penguinhead in forum Pronunciation, Speech & Accent
    Replies: 6
    Last Post: October 12th, 2011, 05:48 PM
  2. Falling vowels
    By radomir in forum Grammar and Vocabulary
    Replies: 7
    Last Post: April 9th, 2010, 06:16 AM
  3. Stressed "o" and unstressed "e"
    By whipback in forum Pronunciation, Speech & Accent
    Replies: 20
    Last Post: February 7th, 2009, 03:49 AM
  4. Getting stressed
    By rainbowworrier in forum Grammar and Vocabulary
    Replies: 22
    Last Post: March 22nd, 2008, 09:29 AM
  5. Unstressed vowels
    By Matroskin Kot in forum Pronunciation, Speech & Accent
    Replies: 36
    Last Post: September 14th, 2007, 10:06 PM

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •  


Russian Lessons                           

Russian Tests and Quizzes            

Russian Vocabulary