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Thread: which ones are correct

  1. #1
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    which ones are correct

    from different sdources, i have this:
    to burn: jetsh'/sjetsh or jetsh'/zajetsh
    to shoot: streliat'/vystrelit' or streliat'/postreliat'

    this sort of things happens a lot. which is the correct form and does anyone know why i came across such variants?
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  2. #2
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    To burn = жечь
    To burn out = сжечь
    To light up = зажечь
    To shoot = стрелять
    To do some shooting = пострелять
    To have a shot = выстрелить
    «И всё, что сейчас происходит внутре — тоже является частью вселенной».

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    thanks.

    so how would you say i will shoot and i will burn?

    what about the verbs:
    stirat/steret-postirat???
    tratit/istratit-postratit???

    there are a lot like that, it's so confusing.
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    Quote Originally Posted by possopo
    thanks.

    so how would you say i will shoot and i will burn?
    I will shoot -- (Я) буду стрелять.
    I will burn -- (Я) буду жечь (сжигать, поджигать).

    BTW, this "I will" is contrary to everything I learned at English lessons in school.
    Is it really said this way???

    Quote Originally Posted by possopo
    what about the verbs:
    stirat/steret-postirat???
    tratit/istratit-postratit???
    Стирать/Стереть: to rub/erase (imperf/perf).
    Постирать: to wash/laundry (only perf).
    Тратить/истратить: to spend (money or other valuables); imperf/perf.
    Потратить: means nearly the same as истратить, but later has stronger meaning. There is a difference between "Я потратил 200 руб. на обед" и "Я истратил все, что у меня было."
    Кр. -- сестр. тал.

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    this is getting very complicated.
    basically, is there a rule i have to learn in order to use properly the perfective form of a verb or the imperfective with byt'?

    what's the difference between:
    ia sdelaiu/ia budu delat'
    ia skaju/ia budu govorit'
    ia poimu/ia budu ponimat'
    ia naliu/ia budu nalivat'

    do i just need a lot of practice to finally get the difference or is there a rule that could help me memorize?
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    Just imagine there's no simple future form like "I'l do it" in English and you have to choose between "I'll have it done" and "I'll be doing it" -- whatever suits better for a particular situation.

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    я буду делать - I will be doing (I'll be doing it all day. Focuses on the process of doing.)

    я сделаю - I will do (I will do it and complete it. Focuses on result.)

    завтра, пока я жду автобуса, я буду делать домашнее задание. ( Tomorrow while I'm waiting for the bus, Ill be doing my homework. )

    завтра, пока я жду автобуса, я сделаю домашнее задание. ( Tomorrow while I'm waiting for the bus, I will do (and complete) my homework. )

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    basically, perfective is focused on the result when imperfective is more the action, right?

    ia budu nalivat: i will pour some water into the bottle
    ia naliu: i will fill the bottle with water

    right?
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    Yup. That's right. Imperfective is the process, while perfective is the result.

    буду наливать (Ill be pouring into the bottle (all day))

    налью (I will pour into the bottle (once))

    To fill a bottle is

    наполнить бутылку

    Fill is a different verb.

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    руки вверх или я буду стрелять!!!
    Call to a hardware store: "I'm sure you know more about the caulk than I do...tell me...is there a taste to the caulk?".

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    - Стой! Стрелять буду!
    - Стою
    - Стреляю

  12. #12
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    Scorpio wrote:
    BTW, this "I will" is contrary to everything I learned at English lessons in school.
    Is it really said this way???
    could you elaborate? i don't understand, sorry
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  13. #13
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    Quote Originally Posted by possopo
    Scorpio wrote:
    BTW, this "I will" is contrary to everything I learned at English lessons in school.
    Is it really said this way???
    could you elaborate? i don't understand, sorry
    He probably means that we're taught to say "I/we shall" and "you/he/she/it/they will" in school. So, is it really acceptable to say "I will"?

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