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Thread: Aspects of Russian Grammar (Compiled)

  1. #1
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    Aspects of Russian Grammar (Compiled)

    Nubia Nelly Pacheco's Power Point slides posted on the Middlebury University site (listed on http://www.russnet.org/learn.html) has been compiled into a word document that took me a good couple of hours to properly transcribe.

    This is obviously not for people who know what they are doing already, but for those of us who want a small guide to carry around and study when at the University or at Work (if it gets slow, obviously) can print this off and study as you go!

    However, I would appreciate the experienced and native speakers to have a look and let me know if the professor messed something up (or I did when I transcribed it) and it needs a correction. I made this originally for myself to study but I figured some others might be interested without having to print off several pages of badly colored Power Point slides. :P

    Enjoy!

    Direct Link:
    http://download172.mediafire.com/htmsl0 ... rammar.doc

    (EDIT)

    I compiled this in Word 2007 so it may need a few touch-ups on earlier versions of Word. Some of the text may look stranger or enlarged in sections it shouldn't be. Just make a few minor adjustments if they really irk your dirk.
    Ba-dum tish.

  2. #2
    Завсегдатай
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    Hi, Coup.
    Some remarks:
    (I have not yet read it all)

    А, Я, Э, Е, Ы, И, О, Ё, У, Ю - a strange order. Shouldn't it be the order in which they appear in the Alphabet (and like you did with consonants)?

    NOTE: After Nominative Case, endings of gender nouns begin to change.
    I suppose it could confuse a learner a bit... What does "after" mean? I'd say, "In other cases (except Nominative) endings of gender nouns change".

    Masculine
    End with consonants; some words end in a soft sign (Учигель, male teacher)

    Well, they end with an "a"/"я", too... Папа, дядя, дедушка... Maybe that's some exeption though, I don't know.
    It's Учитель, by the way.

    Case Ending Examples:
    Neuter - Accusative: Same as Masculine

    Don't write that for the neuter. It's not "same as Masculine". First, the neuter cannot be animate (well, only maybe in tales). Second, there is a rule which comes from Latin, and it's the same in Russian: for the neuter gender the accusative form = the nominative form, as in singular, as in plural. Always.

    Spelling Rules
    After Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, Ц, you can only write an O if it is accented and an E if it is not accented.

    Hm... But there are words like шёпот, щёлкать, чётный, жёлудь... and many others.

    Russian nouns name persons, places, and things. However, whenever you use nouns in the Russian language you have to know with which case you are using them. As a result, the nouns will have different endings depending on the case you are using. The table below shows how the endings of nouns will change with each case.
    I'm afraid, I didn't understand that table "below". There are strange forms in it (they are wrong): Другя, Газети, Местя, Другю, Местю, Газетю, Другем, Газетей, Местем. What are they for? To show the incorrect forms maybe?

    Аля (for)
    It's Для.
    In Russian, all nationalities and their corresponding languages start with a lower-case letter.

  3. #3
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    Thank you Olya. I'll make the changes as soon as I get home.

    EDIT: Changes made, except I didn't understand the last part - the one about the nouns being incorrect. Do you think you could correct the table for me and send it to me? I wasn't sure what you meant.
    Ba-dum tish.

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