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Thread: Prepositional Singular Adjectives

  1. #1
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    Prepositional Singular Adjectives

    Hello,
    I am having a bit of a hard time with the prepositional singular adjective rule and Spelling Rule 3.
    I think it is perhaps that I am not sure when a stem is stressed or unstressed. My book states:

    Masc and Neuter endings are: ом /ем*
    Feminine endings are: ой/ей*

    *The choice between the endings ом /ем and ой/ей is determined by Spelling Rule 3:
    After жчшщц write о in stressed singular endings, and е in unstressed singular endings.

    But then it uses the adjective новой. To me this is incorrect, but I am pretty sure that I
    have a misunderstanding of the rule. Can someone please put it in simpler terms for me
    and perhaps explain the stressed/unstressed endings thing? Thanks.

  2. #2
    Завсегдатай it-ogo's Avatar
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    Re: Prepositional Singular Adjectives

    You can find stress of each Russian word in any Russian vocabulary. Just remember it. In any word one and only one vowel is stressed.

    In the word "новый" ending is after the letter "в", so Rule 3 from your book is not applicable because it considers only adjectives with endings "After жчшщц".

    Example:
    adjective "ры'жий" (ginger)
    Ending is after letter "ж", so Rule 3 is applicaple. Sound "ы" is stressed, so ending is unstressed.
    Fem. Nom. рыжая
    Mas. Prep. о рыжем
    Fem. Prep. о рыжей

    adjective "большо'й" (big)
    Ending is after letter "ш", so Rule 3 is applicaple. Second "o" sound is stressed, which is in the ending, so ending is stressed.
    Fem. Nom. большая
    Mas. Prep. о большом
    Fem. Prep. о большой
    "Россия для русских" - это неправильно. Остальные-то чем лучше?

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    Re: Prepositional Singular Adjectives

    Then how do they justify using that ending: ой ?

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    Re: Prepositional Singular Adjectives

    I have added some examples to my first reply.

    Quote Originally Posted by pberardi
    Then how do they justify using that ending: ой ?
    Maybe there are other rules in your book? About different adjectives than ones with endings after жчшщц.
    "Россия для русских" - это неправильно. Остальные-то чем лучше?

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    Re: Prepositional Singular Adjectives

    you use the ending with "oj" automatically in all words. The only exception is adjectives ending in "sh,shch,zh,ch,ts" - for the words ending in those letters, you use "oj" when the ending is stressed and "ej" otherwise.

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    Re: Prepositional Singular Adjectives

    Quote Originally Posted by John_Douglas
    you use the ending with "oj" automatically in all words. The only exception is adjectives ending in "sh,shch,zh,ch,ts" - for the words ending in those letters, you use "oj" when the ending is stressed and "ej" otherwise.
    Not exactly. "-ой" is used if the sound before ending is hard "-ей" is used if the sound before ending is soft. Exception is adjectives with endings after жчшщц - see Rule 3.

    http://www.russianforeveryone.com/Ru...ramUnit7_1.htm

    Remember that native speakers are usually not aware of these rules and use them intuitively.
    "Россия для русских" - это неправильно. Остальные-то чем лучше?

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