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Thread: Consonant Mutation, & verbs in general

  1. #1
    Подающий надежды оратор
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    May 2008
    Бруклин, Нью Йорк.
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    Consonant Mutation, & verbs in general

    1) Are there exceptions to the Ж, Ч, Ш, Щ consonant mutation? Most of the grammars, etc., I've seen mention mutation, but no exceptions. But, I do know, for example, that играть, whose stem ends with г, does not undergo mutation.

    2) Is there a comprehensive listing of all verb types (e.g., "2nd conjug.," "verbs in -ова," etc.) and their rules, as a reference? Most of I've seen appear non-comprehensive, and/or disorganized.
    Я плохо пишу по-русски. Если я совершаю ошибки, или что-то собственное противно смыслу или глазам, поправляйте, пожалуйста.

  2. #2
    Administrator MasterAdmin's Avatar
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    Oct 2002
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    Re: Consonant Mutation, & verbs in general

    The stem of "играть" is игр and ends in 'р'

    The exceptions...

    "mutation takes place ONLY in the following verb types: -и and -е
    (for the 1st person singular, –ишь conjugation verbs) and –а (for all forms, –ёшь
    conjugation)." ... "Not all consonants mutate!!! л, н, р, and all "hushings" (ч, ж, ш, щ) do not mutate"

    (source: ... _verbs.pdf)
    ~ Мастерадминов Мастерадмин Мастерадминович ~

  3. #3
    Завсегдатай chaika's Avatar
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    May 2003
    Чапелхилловка, NC USA
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    Re: Consonant Mutation, & verbs in general

    When you learn Russian verbs, you need to know three forms, which will give you all the consonant, stress, and vowel alternations. 1) the stem, obtained by removing the infinitive ending (-ть, -ти, -чь), 2) 1p. sg. and 3) 2p. sg.
    смотреть, смотрю, смотришь
    писать, пишу, пишешь
    беречь, берегу, бережёшь
    совать сую, суёшь
    Some verbs have vowel alternations that show up this way
    петь пою, поёшь
    Some dialects have tried to make these things regular:
    жечь, жгу, жгёшь
    just as the Standard Language has
    ткать, тку, ткёшь (you would expect тчёшь)

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