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Thread: Case genitive plural

  1. #1
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    Case genitive plural

    I have made for mе a time ago the following table where I haven't found up to now no mistake (no doubt there will be some particular words not included). However I have put it in a forum and a responsible has said simply: "It contains mistakes". Here is a copy with a quick translation that you will understand. Please, do you find in this table some mistakes?
    Thank you-
    CASE GENITIVE
    Morfología
    Singular. Masculine and neuter: endings in -а, -я.
    Feminine: endings in -ы, - и
    Plural. exclusive for masculine
    -ов,
    -ев,
    common to feminine and neuter
    - None
    common to masculine, feminine and neuter
    -ей

    GENITIVO PLURAL
    exclusive for masculine
    - ов, general стол -> столóв, отéц ->отцóв
    - ев, singular en -й герой ->героев
    singular en -ц (no aguda) кубинец -> кубинцев
    plural en -ья ( id. ) брáтья -> брáтьев

    common to femenine and neuter
    -  general книга -> книг; окно -> окен
    Particular cases inside the general rule:
    Final: -иe -я
    e = йэ общежитие -> общежити-йэ -> общежитий-(э)
    я = йа армия -> арми-йа -> армий
    я = ьа капля -> капл-ьа -> капль
    Final: - ня
    -V+ня нь-а дыня лынь-а дынь
    -C+ня : irregulares я = a
    пéсня -> пéсeн canción
    бойна -> боен matadero
    but are regular:
    дерéвня деревнь-а деревéнь (regular)
    кýхня кухнь-а кýхонь

    common to masculine, feminine and neuter
    - ей м plural en -ья (aguda) друзья -> друзéй
    sing. en -ж, -ш, -щ, -ч товарищ
    м, ж en -ь тетрáдь, словáрь
    c en -е море neuter

    ия = ий-а армйя -> армий-а
    Ся = Сь-а деревня -> деревнь-а
    ие = ий-е обшежитие обшежитий-е

  2. #2
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    Re: Case genitive plural

    окно -> окон

    капля -> капл-ьа -> капель

    дыня дынь-а дынь

    бойня -> боен matadero

    Ся = Сь-а деревня -> деревнь-а деревень
    ие = ий-е общежитие общежитий-е
    In Russian, all nationalities and their corresponding languages start with a lower-case letter.

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    Re: Case genitive plural

    Thank you.

  4. #4
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    Re: Case genitive plural

    Quote Originally Posted by radomir
    - ей м plural en -ья (aguda) друзья -> друзéй
    Nope, the ending here is empty, and a fleeting vowel appears. Same for князей, мужей, сыновей. Phonologically it goes [druz'ja] -> [druz'j] (empty ending) and since [z'j] is impossible to say, comes the fleeting vowel. It can't be 'o' because з is soft here, so it has to be e : [druzej].
    There are few other masculine words which genitive plural ending is empty : глаз, раз, волос, сапог, солдат, words like англичанин...

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    Re: Case genitive plural

    Thank you.

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