Results 1 to 3 of 3
Like Tree2Likes
  • 2 Post By RedFox

Thread: Basic question about gender

  1. #1
    Почётный участник
    Join Date
    Aug 2016
    Location
    Oxford, UK
    Posts
    71
    Rep Power
    1

    Basic question about gender

    I just need to clear up what happens when the noun is one gender and the person represented by the noun is another.

    The good male teacher said:
    хорощий препадавтель сказал

    The good female teacher said:
    хорощая препадавтель сказала?

    The good male orphan went home:
    хорощий сирота шёл домой

    The good female orphan went home:
    хорощая сирота шла домой?

    Basically; if the noun is masculine or common gender but the person represented by it is female (and vice versa) does either adjective or the verb follow the gender of the person or agree with the noun?

    спасибо
    Исправьте ошибки в моём русском, пожалуйста

  2. #2
    Почтенный гражданин
    Join Date
    Nov 2013
    Posts
    709
    Rep Power
    25
    The most common case of gender mismatch is when grammatical gender is masculine and actual gender is feminine (человек, преподаватель, рабочий, сотрудник and so on).
    In such case, adjectives agree in grammatical gender and verbs usually agree in actual gender:
    Хороший преподаватель сказала...

    What about сирота, it is marked as общий род in a dictionary, which means you can agree other words in both masculine and feminine:
    male: хороший сирота шёл
    female: хорошая сирота шла

    Referring to a male person with grammatically feminine nouns is rare enough. I can think of such words as личность, персона. (...задница, сволочь, скотина... ooh, or not so rare )
    It seems they always require agreement to grammatical gender.
    "Он пришел?"
    "Нет, эта ленивая личность сегодня не явилась."
    fortheether and justinwyllie like this.

  3. #3
    Почётный участник
    Join Date
    Aug 2016
    Location
    Oxford, UK
    Posts
    71
    Rep Power
    1
    Thanks RedFox.

    So. Just to confirm; in the case of the feminine noun e.g. личность the verb follows the grammatical gender?

    Спасибо
    Исправьте ошибки в моём русском, пожалуйста

Similar Threads

  1. Question on Gender Phrases
    By Missionary in forum Grammar and Vocabulary
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: September 20th, 2014, 03:33 PM
  2. a pretty basic question about the "prepositional" case
    By jameschen in forum Grammar and Vocabulary
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: December 22nd, 2009, 08:20 AM
  3. Very basic and perhaps stupid question "Net" and "ne"
    By slylie in forum Grammar and Vocabulary
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: December 12th, 2009, 12:00 PM
  4. Very basic question: как, какой и что
    By PentatonicDream in forum Grammar and Vocabulary
    Replies: 8
    Last Post: July 28th, 2008, 09:15 PM
  5. A basic question about aspect
    By Roro in forum Grammar and Vocabulary
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: April 29th, 2005, 10:28 AM

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •  


Russian Lessons                           

Russian Tests and Quizzes            

Russian Vocabulary