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Thread: The book was read by me. Where is the subject?

  1. #1
    Почтенный гражданин oldboy's Avatar
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    The book was read by me. Where is the subject?

    The book was read by me.

    Is "the book" or "me" the subject there?

    I simply want to understand whether or not the subject and the agent are the same?
    And if "the book" is the subject, what is name of "me" then?
    Thanks for correcting me.

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    Почтенный гражданин delog's Avatar
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    "Книга", конечно, подлежащее. "Была прочитана" - сказуемое. Это страдательный залог. "Мной" - дополнение.

    Простое правило: в английском строгий порядок слов, (обстоятельство) + подлежащее + сказуемое + (дополнение + обстоятельство). Таким образом сказуемое не может быть перед подлежащим.
    English as a Second Language by Jeff McQuillan and Lucy Tse.

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    Старший оракул
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    In a sentence such as "The boy kicked the ball", "the boy" is the agent and the subject. However, when the sentence is rendered in the passive voice, "The ball was kicked by the boy", "the ball" is the grammatical subject, but "the boy" is still the agent.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agent_(grammar)

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    Почтенный гражданин oldboy's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by delog View Post
    Таким образом сказуемое не может быть перед подлежащим.
    Ну, не всегда: 'Whhhrrrr...' said Arthur Dent. ))

    Quote Originally Posted by E-learner View Post
    In a sentence such as "The boy kicked the ball", "the boy" is the agent and the subject. However, when the sentence is rendered in the passive voice, "The ball was kicked by the boy", "the ball" is the grammatical subject, but "the boy" is still the agent.
    That's just what I wanted to hear!
    Thanks a lot!
    Thanks for correcting me.

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