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Thread: Question about names

  1. #1
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    Question about names

    If the man is called Mr Иванов is his wife to be called Mrs Иванова? i.e. the surname has to reflect gender?

    Does this also apply to unmarried women - e.g if the girl's father is Илья Петрович Иванов she should actually be called e.g Эльвира Ильева Иванова? (assuming her first name is Эльвира)

    Also - how do female first names decline? e.g Марина - will this be like the feminine noun ending in -а or like an adjective?

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    Quote Originally Posted by justinwyllie View Post
    If the man is called Mr Иванов is his wife to be called Mrs Иванова? i.e. the surname has to reflect gender?
    Yes, most Russian surnames have gender variants. Not all of them though.

    Quote Originally Posted by justinwyllie View Post
    Does this also apply to unmarried women
    Yes. Unlike Lithuanian, in Russian, there is no distinction between married and unmarried women’s surnames.

    Quote Originally Posted by justinwyllie View Post
    e.g if the girl's father is Илья Петрович Иванов she should actually be called e.g Эльвира Ильева Иванова? (assuming her first name is Эльвира)
    The surname is OK, but the patronymic from the name Илья should be Ильинична (pronounced like /ильйи́нишна/). An irregular one. Masculine form is Ильич /ильйи́ч/.

    Quote Originally Posted by justinwyllie View Post
    Also - how do female first names decline? e.g Марина - will this be like the feminine noun ending in -а or like an adjective?
    First names decline like nouns.
    Your example is a bit amusing though since there is also a female surname Марина which declines differently (and also has a different stress)

    first name last name
    nom, Мари́на Ма́рина
    gen. Мари́ны Ма́риной
    dat. Мари́не Ма́риной
    acc. Мари́ну Ма́рину
    instr. Мари́ной Ма́риной
    prep. Мари́не Ма́риной
    Please correct my English

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    Quote Originally Posted by Soft sign View Post
    Yes, most Russian surnames have gender variants. Not all of them though.
    male female
    -́ин -́ина
    -и́н -ина́
    -́ов -́ова
    -о́в -о́ва
    -́ев -́ева
    -ёв -ёва
    -́ый -́ая
    -́ий -́яя
    -о́й -а́я

    Surnames not having those endings usually have a single form for both genders.

    In some cases, a surname can look like it has one of those endings, but they are of different origin (part of the root, not a suffix). E.g. Да́рвин, Бю́лов, Голова́, Цой, Гурцка́я. They also have a single form for both genders.
    fortheether and justinwyllie like this.
    Please correct my English

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