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Thread: Months

  1. #1
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    Months

    I was learning the Ukrainian months today. They are so nice.

    January: січень = rod/pole
    February: лютий = very cold
    March: березень = birch
    April: квітень = flowers
    May: травень = grass
    June: червень = worms
    July: липень = limetrees
    August: серпень = sickle
    September: вересень = heather
    October: жовтень = turning yellow
    November: листопад = falling leaves
    December: грудень = frozen ground


    These are the old Slavonic names for the months, which are preserved in Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Ukrainian, Polish (mostly).

    Russian, Serbian and Bulgarian adopted the latin based names for months, as has English.

    My question is, when did it happen in Russian?

    This is one of the major difference between Serbian and Croatian, often considered to be dialects of the same language. Serbian has Latin based months, whereas Croatian has Slavonic based months.

    In Polish, the Slavonic months have been preserved, except in March and May, where we find marzec and maj.
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    You missed one more language: Belarussian (aka Belarusian, Belorussian) month names are also Slavonic, some are similar to Ukrainian.

    1. translations: January: студзень [studzen] = cold
    2. translations: February: люты [lyuty] = very cold
    3. translations: March: сакавік [sakavik]
    4. translations: April: красавік [krasavik] = beautiful?
    5. translations: May: май [may] = Maia, Roman goddess
    6. translations: June: чэрвень [cherven] = worms
    7. translations: July: ліпень [lipen] = limetrees
    8. translations: August: жнівень [zhniven] = harvest
    9. translations: September: верасень [verasen] = heather
    10. translations: October: кастрычнік [kastrytsnik]
    11. translations: November: лістапад [listapad] = falling leaves
    12. translations: December: снежань [snezhan] = snow

    http://home.unilang.org/main/wiki2/inde ... ian_months
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    Re: Months

    Quote Originally Posted by TATY
    June: червень = worms
    Yuck. I don't think so.
    In fact, "червень" (and belorussian word, too) related to "червены" (in Russian -- "червонный"), e.g. "red".

    Quote Originally Posted by TATY
    September: вересень = heather
    Also, I don't think "вересень" is related to "вереск" -- "heather".
    (If so, it would be "верескень" or the like.)

    Quote Originally Posted by TATY
    My question is, when did it happen in Russian?
    Sometimes in 12th-13th century. (Not quite sure, however.)
    Кр. -- сестр. тал.

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    Re: Months

    Quote Originally Posted by Scorpio
    Quote Originally Posted by TATY
    June: червень = worms
    Yuck. I don't think so.
    In fact, "червень" (and belorussian word, too) related to "червены" (in Russian -- "червонный"), e.g. "red".

    Quote Originally Posted by TATY
    September: вересень = heather
    Also, I don't think "вересень" is related to "вереск" -- "heather".
    (If so, it would be "верескень" or the like.)

    Quote Originally Posted by TATY
    My question is, when did it happen in Russian?
    Sometimes in 12th-13th century. (Not quite sure, however.)
    TATY is right about the origin. вересень has dropped K and червень has to do with worms not red, unfortunately. Nothing yucky about it, soil needs worms.

    http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/pa ... heyear.htm

    January was also be called prosynets’, similar to Czech prosinec.
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  5. #5
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    The Czech and Slovak months are slightly different.

    Off the top of my head, January in Czech is leden - ice.
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    Quote Originally Posted by TATY
    The Czech and Slovak months are slightly different.

    Off the top of my head, January in Czech is leden - ice.
    Yes, you're right, prosinec is December.

    Czech:
    leden
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    The Croatian months are:

    January: siječanj
    February: veljača
    translMarch: ožujak
    April: travanj = grass'
    May: svibanj
    June: lipanj = limetree
    July: srpanj = sickle
    August: kolovoz = Kolo dance?
    September: rujan = rut
    October: listopad = falling leaves
    November: studeni = cold
    December: prosinac

    FYR Macedonian months are latin based.

    The Upper Sorbian months are Slavonic based but quite diferent from all the other languages

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