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Thread: Expressions of time and cases

  1. #1
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    Expressions of time and cases

    How does one know when to use which case? For example, I've seen:

    Каждую неделю я хожу в школу. - Accusative Case

    В будущем году я буду поехать в Россию. - Prepositional Case

    Сегодня утром я встречал ету девушку. - Instrumental Case

    Thanks,

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    Re: Expressions of time and cases

    Quote Originally Posted by Marlow
    Каждую неделю я хожу в школу. - Accusative Case

    В будущем году я поеду в Россию. - Prepositional Case

    Сегодня утром я встречал эту девушку. - Instrumental Case
    All your examples are accusative case.

    Edit: I thought that you were speaking about the last words in the sentences. So, my post is useless.

    "Accusative case — [...] It is a noun that is having something done to it"

    Here are the examples where you should use accusative case (the noun having accusative case is shown in italic font):
    I killed that girl. I have seen this girl. I broke my leg. I wasted my money. I will travel to this country. I will destroy this country.

    Do not confuse with nominative case:
    This girl is killed. This country must be destroyed. My money were stolen.

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    Re: Expressions of time and cases

    My guess is that Marlow referred to other words which really have the mentioned cases.

    Quote Originally Posted by Marlow
    Каждую неделю я хожу в школу. - Accusative Case
    В будущем году я поеду в Россию. - Prepositional Case
    Сегодня утром я встречал эту девушку. - Instrumental Case
    Каждый год / Каждую неделю / Каждое утро я хожу в школу. - Винительный падеж
    В будущем году / На будущей неделе / Завтра утром я пойду в школу. - Предложный / Творительный падеж
    В этом году / На этой неделе / Сегодня утром я пойду в школу. - Предложный / Творительный падеж
    So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish

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    Re: Expressions of time and cases

    By the way, "я встречал эту девушку" means that you were meeting her from the train, or plane, or something.
    If you meant that you met her accidentally in the street, you should say "встретил".
    In Russian, all nationalities and their corresponding languages start with a lower-case letter.

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    Re: Expressions of time and cases

    Quote Originally Posted by CoffeeCup
    В будущем году / На будущей неделе / Завтра утром я пойду в школу. - Предложный / Творительный падеж
    В этом году / На этой неделе / Сегодня утром я пойду в школу. - Предложный / Творительный падеж
    Isn't "утром" an adverb here?

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    Re: Expressions of time and cases

    A complete explanation on "Time expressions in Russian" you can find in:
    http://www.alphadictionary.com/rusgrammar/time.html

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    Re: Expressions of time and cases

    Quote Originally Posted by Qwerty
    Isn't "утром" an adverb here?
    Oops. Yes it is an adverb here. So the things became easy. We have no instrumental case but only accusative and prepositional.
    Каждый год я хожу в школу. - Винительный падеж
    В будущем году / В этом году году я пойду в школу. - Предложный падеж
    So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish

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    Re: Expressions of time and cases

    Quote Originally Posted by CoffeeCup
    Oops. Yes it is an adverb here. So the things became easy. We have no instrumental case but only accusative and prepositional.
    Yes, we have the instrumental case too. In the сегодня утром "утром" is an adverb, but in the этим утром it's definitely a noun in the instrumental case.
    In Russian, all nationalities and their corresponding languages start with a lower-case letter.

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