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Thread: other languages with imperfect/perfect verbs?

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    Завсегдатай sperk's Avatar
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    other languages with imperfect/perfect verbs?

    Are there any other languages with imperfect/perfect verbs?
    thanks
    Кому - нары, кому - Канары.

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    Подающий надежды оратор randem's Avatar
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    Re: other languages with imperfect/perfect verbs?

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_aspect

    Slavic languages have separate lexical entries (that is, different words) for different aspects of verbs.

    Most languages use verb morphing (either prefixes, suffixes, or different conjugations) to mark different aspects.

    English is a notable exception since it uses neither. Verb aspect is determined contextually, like most things in our crazy language.

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    Re: other languages with imperfect/perfect verbs?

    Spanish has the preterite/imperfect tenses which are used in a similar fashion, however only in the past tense. None of this stuff where you have two separate verbs for each aspect.

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    Re: other languages with imperfect/perfect verbs?

    Morphing is spread in many languages. The problem is when a form of the verb is concidered a new separate verb or just a form of the base verb. I think the difference is in a number of special cases vs rules. I.e. when you make a new perfective verb according to some rule in Russian you never really sure if this form does really exist and what does it mean. One should know the very verb, knowing the general rule is not enough.
    "Россия для русских" - это неправильно. Остальные-то чем лучше?

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    Re: other languages with imperfect/perfect verbs?

    Quote Originally Posted by sperk
    Are there any other languages with imperfect/perfect verbs?thanks
    Yes. I believe all the Slavic languages make the distinction (though I don't remember for sure about Lusatian or Slovene). Polish certainly does. The Polish equivalent of the pair давать/дать is dawać/dać. Bulgarian also distinguishes imperfective and perfective, although it doesn't have infinitives, so you don't see it cited as often in fast and dirty comparisons like this one.

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    Re: other languages with imperfect/perfect verbs?

    Quote Originally Posted by doninphxaz
    Bulgarian also distinguishes imperfective and perfective, although it doesn't have infinitives
    verbs w/o infinitives, that's interesting...
    Кому - нары, кому - Канары.

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