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Thread: Can someone help me with this vocabulary please?

  1. #1
    JackBoni
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    Can someone help me with this vocabulary please?

    Здравствуйте!!

    I have been learning russian for about 2 months seriously and am working towards a russian GCSE on my own. I have looked up the following in a fairly comprehensive dictionary, however the entries seem to be quite lacking, mainly due to my apparant lack of russian grammatical knowledge. I would like to know how to express the following in russian. If theverbs take any special cases, then, if possible it would be great if I could be notified of this. Both aspects would be helpful too.

    "to lie in" - as in sleep longer at the weekends for example.

    "to be drunk" - I am aware there is no "to be" in russian, but is there a set phrase?

    "to get drunk"

    the adjective "strong", as in a "strong alcoholic drink, for example русская водка

    the term for "homework", as in the work a pupil completes at school.

    the word for "weekend"

    the word for a "mobile phone"

    the words for "to learn" and "to study"


    Having studied German to a fairly (I am currently doing my AS level), I am aware that some languages distinguish from "learning" a language at school level, and "studying" a language at university. Is this the case in Russian? Or is there some other way the Russians make it clear, if at all?

    Большое спасибо за помощь с русским язиком

    Джек

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    Re: Can someone help me with this vocabulary please?

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    the adjective "strong", as in a "strong alcoholic drink
    it's крепкий (крепкие напитки)

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    the term for "homework", as in the work a pupil completes at school.
    домашнее задание (sing.), домашние задания (pl.)

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    the word for "weekend"
    выходные (or уикенд, but it is not so common used)

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    the word for a "mobile phone"
    мобильный телефон or мобильник

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    the words for "to learn" and "to study"
    to learn - учить
    to study - изучать or учиться

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    Большое спасибо за помощь с русским языком
    In Russian, all nationalities and their corresponding languages start with a lower-case letter.

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    Re: Can someone help me with this vocabulary please?

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    "to lie in" - as in sleep longer at the weekends for example.
    maybe валяться (в постели)

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    "to be drunk" - I am aware there is no "to be" in russian, but is there a set phrase?
    there is no "to be" in russian - why?
    to be drunk - быть пьяным.

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    "to get drunk"
    If I'm not mistaken (if I've understood it in English right), it's "опьянеть" or "стать пьяным".

    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    I am aware that some languages distinguish from "learning" a language at school level, and "studying" a language at university. Is this the case in Russian?
    Yes, something like that.
    In Russian, all nationalities and their corresponding languages start with a lower-case letter.

  4. #4
    Moderator Lampada's Avatar
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    JackBoni:

    Does anyone know how to say these in Russian? Both aspects with the verbs where possible.

    to lie in - i lie in, I had a lie in etc..

    to text (i.e send a message on your mobile phone)

    a text - ie, a message that you send on your mobile?

    to play on the computer

    to play computer games/ a game

    to be drunk

    to get drunk

    to have a hangover

    How do you spell the name "Sergei Gurlukovich"?

    Большое спасибо за помощь с русским языком

    Джек
    "...Важно, чтобы форум оставался местом, объединяющим людей, для которых интересны русский язык и культура. ..." - MasterАdmin (из переписки)



  5. #5
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    Lampada just deleted the double topic when I posted the answer, so my hard labor was swiped away. Uh, let's give it another try...

    Does anyone know how to say these in Russian? Both aspects with the verbs where possible.
    To change your aspect, just put по in front of a verb (поваляться, etc.)

    to lie in - i lie in, I had a lie in etc..
    лежать / валяться

    to text (i.e send a message on your mobile phone)
    слать сообщение

    a text - ie, a message that you send on your mobile?
    текстовое сообщение

    to play on the computer
    играть на компьютере

    to play computer games/ a game
    играть в компьютерные игры / в игру

    to be drunk[quote:31kes6tu]
    быть пьяным

    [quote:31kes6tu]to get drunk
    напиться

    to have a hangover
    страдать от похмелья

    How do you spell the name "Sergei Gurlukovich"?
    [/quote:31kes6tu][/quote:31kes6tu]
    Сергей Гурлукович (sp?) Are you sure you spelled this, er, surname/patronimics right?
    «И всё, что сейчас происходит внутре — тоже является частью вселенной».

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    get drunk: пьянеть / опьянеть (напиться)
    a link: пьянеть

    a text - ie, a message that you send on your mobile?
    Usually we say "смс" (эс-эм-эс).
    In Russian, all nationalities and their corresponding languages start with a lower-case letter.

  7. #7
    Почтенный гражданин flowforever's Avatar
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    Re: Can someone help me with this vocabulary please?

    Quote Originally Posted by Оля
    выходные (or уик-энд, but it is not so common used)
    Придёт весна и мы раскроем окна..
    Айда на встречу друг другу!
    Придёт весна и яркое солнце
    Растопит лёд старых обид глупых.

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    Re: Can someone help me with this vocabulary please?

    Quote Originally Posted by Оля
    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    "to lie in" - as in sleep longer at the weekends for example.
    maybe валяться (в постели)
    А как же "лечь"??
    "С чий очи сънувам, чий е този лик обречен?
    Смъртен глас ми се причува и отеква с вик далечен
    Как да зърна да погледна, чуждий образ да прегърна,
    на лицето ми студено грях в надежда да превърна.."

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    Re: Can someone help me with this vocabulary please?

    Quote Originally Posted by Yazeed
    Quote Originally Posted by Оля
    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    "to lie in" - as in sleep longer at the weekends for example.
    maybe валяться (в постели)
    А как же "лечь"??
    Лечь - to lie (down). (Наверное, lie in тоже можно).
    А почему тебе так сильно не понравилось "валяться"?

    "to lie in" - as in sleep longer at the weekends for example.
    Утром в постель лечь может только человек, который всю ночь где-то шлялся.
    To sleep longer (at the weekends) = валяться в постели (когда не надо вставать на работу).
    In Russian, all nationalities and their corresponding languages start with a lower-case letter.

  10. #10
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    a text - ie, a message that you send on your mobile?
    SMS (short message system)
    СМС (эС-эМ-эС), эсэмэска; rare текстовое сообщение.

    послать СМС,
    получить эсэмэску.

  11. #11
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    Quote Originally Posted by Rtyom
    Lampada just deleted the double topic when I posted the answer, so my hard labor was swiped away. Uh, let's give it another try...
    Кто первый встал – того и тапки

  12. #12
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    Re: Can someone help me with this vocabulary please?

    [quote=Оля]
    Quote Originally Posted by Yazeed
    Quote Originally Posted by "Оля":1qd25f38
    Quote Originally Posted by JackBoni
    "to lie in" - as in sleep longer at the weekends for example.
    maybe валяться (в постели)
    А как же "лечь"??
    Лечь - to lie (down). (Наверное, lie in тоже можно).
    А почему тебе так сильно не понравилось "валяться"?[/quote:1qd25f38]

    Не то, чтобы мне не понравилось, а то, что я беспокоился потому что всегда говорю "лечь" и, прочитав твой ответ, я думал, что всё это время я ошибался. Поэтому я так и отреагировал.))
    "С чий очи сънувам, чий е този лик обречен?
    Смъртен глас ми се причува и отеква с вик далечен
    Как да зърна да погледна, чуждий образ да прегърна,
    на лицето ми студено грях в надежда да превърна.."

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